A tie knot says a great deal about the personality of the wearer. Variations go from subtle to extreme, from somber to ecstatic. It is not simply a question of fabric, though there are styles of knots that are better suited for different thicknesses of tie. It is also a matter of taste. A man chooses a knot based on attitude. Be he chill or fury, the knot will tell. A brief list and description of the more popular types of tie knots follows.
The Simple Necktie Knot:
Also known as the Kent Knot, Petit Noeud or the Oriental Knot, the simple knot is the easiest knot to tie and learn. Its popularity is greater in China than in western countries as it is not self-releasing. The simple knot is extremely compact and asymmetrical and works best with thicker fabric and longer torsos.
Invited by a 19th century club of the same name, the Four-in-Hand is a slender, easy to tie knot that owes its popularity to its simplicity and self-releasing properties. The Four-in-Hand is used as a measuring rod for other types of knots and each variation relates itself back to or away from this excellently tapered and versatile style.
The Prince Albert knot is named after Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria. There is however no evidence that Prince Albert ever wore the style. The Prince Albert is slightly asymmetrical and carries more bulk than the Four-in-Hand. This style is designed to be worn tight and polished, a true upper crust knot.
Named after Lord Kelvin, William Thompson, a mathematical physicist who developed a theory of knots in atomic structures, the Kelvin is derivative of the Simple Knot. Graceful and clean, the Kelvin carries a greater angular presence than the Four-in-Hand.
In actuality the Half-Windsor is three fourths the size of the full Windsor. The Half-Windsor itself is a medium sized knot and when tied correctly presents a deep, structural dimple. The Half-Windsor works best for medium to light thickness ties.
Windsor Tie Knot:
The Windsor is a public imitation of the Duke of Windor’s wide triangle style design. It is a derivative style and not the actual knot that the Duke wore. The Windsor is symmetrical with a solid triangle and works best with a spread collar.